The state of California has the largest public post-secondary education system of all 50 US states. Vocational and technical training as well as science and liberal arts degree programs serve around 1.7 million students at 137 colleges in California annually. It is one of the strongest systems of public education in the world.
From the beginning of the United States as an independent nation, the provision of public education has traditionally fallen to the individual states. In fact, the words education and schooling aren't even mentioned in the US Constitution. The founding fathers did discuss the idea of a national university but it was dismissed. All states rely on executive, legislative and judicial branches that run parallel to the Federal government to meet the responsibilities of education.
Schools in California include three public systems of higher education in California: the University of California system, the California State University system and the California Community College system.
In 1973 the California Post Secondary Education Commission was formed for California colleges. Its function was to provide for the planning and coordination of public higher education. The CPSEC makes recommendations on matters of budget, proposed academic programs, admission and student aid policies to the governor and legislature. The commission is made up of 17 members. Nine of the 17 members represent the public and are chosen by the governor and legislative leaders. Two members, appointed by the governor, represent students. The remaining six represent both public and private institutions of higher education.
California schools include 71 community college districts. They operate 107 campuses state wide. These districts differ from the California State University and University of California systems in that they are administered by boards of trustees that are locally elected and statewide board of governors. They select the president of each college, approve curriculum and allocate funds to campuses in their jurisdiction.
A California community college can be a gate-way to higher education. After completing the two-year course requirements, students have the option to apply at a four-year college or university to earn a baccalaureate degree. The universities also offer advanced degree. The admission requirements for a freshman applying to the same institution would not apply to that student.
Among the largest and most notable California State University system colleges and universities are Stanford University, University of California at Berkeley, California State University at Los Angeles, California State Polytechnical University and the City College of San Francisco.
Online courses offered by companies through higher education institutes are gaining in number and popularity. They are convenient, affordable and sometimes free.
The economy of California is more like that of a separate nation than a state. It has the largest gross state product (GSP) of any other US state. In the fiscal year of 2011, the GSP was reported as being close to $2 trillion. The state makes up a little over 13 percent of the United State's total gross domestic product (GDP). There are only eight countries in the world that have a larger GDP than this state.
Jobs are most plentiful in California in the the areas of transportation, utilities, trade, government, professional services, business services, health services, education and hospitality and leisure.
Trade is important to the state's economy. About one-fourth of the economy relies on trade and international related commerce accounts. In 2008, $144 billion in goods were exported from California. Computers and electronic products were the number one export making up 42 percent of total exports.
Agriculture has traditionally been important to the state's economy. Citrus and other fresh produce and wines are popular exports from California. Since 1980 agricultural related sales more than quadrupled even though the acreage devoted to farming shrunk by 15 percent. This rise is attributed to more active use of existing farmland and technological improvements in farming. Agricultural product revenue was $43.5 billion in 2011 with grapes, shelled almonds, milk and cream bringing in the most revenue
California's per capita GDP ranked 11th in the nation in 2007 at $38,956. The state's coastal cities tend to have the nation's wealthiest per-capita areas. The high technology areas such as Silicon Valley are no longer considered to be in the recent economic downturn that was caused by the dot.com bust.
Industry is a large part of California's economy and provides a large percentage of jobs for the state residents. The majority of industries produce clothing, food products, electronic and electrical equipment, fabricated and industrial machinery and transportation equipment. The bulk of the manufacturing centers are located in the Los Angeles and San Francisco areas.
The state's largest publically owned corporations are aerospace and computer manufactures. Corporations such as Hewlett-Packard, Tandem Computers and Silicon graphics provide a huge variety and amount of jobs in the area south of San Francisco. Rockwell International, Northrop, Lockheed and Computer Sciences are manufactures that lead in Southern California's employment opportunities.
Several of California's private companies are among the states leading manufacturers. Companies such as Levi Strauss, Sunkist growers, Del Monte and Julio Gallo Winery contribute to the economy with many job opportunities.
The aerospace industry is another large sector of California's economy. It accounts for $28 billion in annual sales and provides jobs for around 117,000 Californians.
The film and television production industry also plays a large role in the state's economy. At the end of the 20th century the motion picture industry generated a yearly payroll of $13.4 billion providing jobs to 475,000 of the state's residents.
California is one of the world's most visited areas for tourists. The year-round warm weather,long coast line and multiple theme parks contribute greatly to the state's economy bringing in at least $60 billion in annual sales and providing approximately 700,000 jobs.
Found 1199 Post-Secondary Schools In California
|City College of San Francisco||San Francisco||CA||2-year public||39386|
|University of California - Los Angeles||Los Angeles||CA||4-year public||36890|
|San Diego State University||San Diego||CA||4-year public||31609|
|University of California - Berkeley||Berkeley||CA||4-year public||31277|
|California State University - Long Beach||Long Beach||CA||4-year public||30918|
|University of Southern California||Los Angeles||CA||4-year private, not-for-profit||29194|
|California State University - Northridge||Northridge||CA||4-year public||29066|
|American River College||Sacramento||CA||2-year public||28420|
|California State University - Fullerton||Fullerton||CA||4-year public||28381|
|Mt San Antonio College||Walnut||CA||2-year public||28329|
|Santa Monica College||Santa Monica||CA||2-year public||27868|
|Santa Ana College||Santa Ana||CA||2-year public||27571|
|East Los Angeles College||Monterey Park||CA||2-year public||27199|
|San Diego City College||San Diego||CA||2-year public||27165|
|Santa Rosa Junior College||Santa Rosa||CA||2-year public||27020|
|San Francisco State University||San Francisco||CA||4-year public||26826|
|San Jose State University||San Jose||CA||4-year public||26698|
|University of California - Davis||Davis||CA||4-year public||26094|
|California State University - Sacramento||Sacramento||CA||4-year public||25714|
|Cerritos College||Norwalk||CA||2-year public||24536|
|El Camino College||Torrance||CA||2-year public||24067|
|Orange Coast College||Costa Mesa||CA||2-year public||23315|
|Pasadena City College||Pasadena||CA||2-year public||22948|
|De Anza College||Cupertino||CA||2-year public||22770|
|Riverside Community College||Riverside||CA||2-year public||22107|
|Diablo Valley College||Pleasant Hill||CA||2-year public||21581|
|Cypress College||Cypress||CA||2-year public||21361|
|San Diego Mesa College||San Diego||CA||2-year public||21233|
|Palomar College||San Marcos||CA||2-year public||21062|
|Long Beach City College||Long Beach||CA||2-year public||20926|
|Sacramento City College||Sacramento||CA||2-year public||20878|
|University of California - Irvine||Irvine||CA||4-year public||20211|
|University of California - San Diego||La Jolla||CA||4-year public||20197|
|Fullerton College||Fullerton||CA||2-year public||19993|
|University of California - Santa Barbara||Santa Barbara||CA||4-year public||19962|
|California State University - Los Angeles||Los Angeles||CA||4-year public||19593|
|Rio Hondo College||Whittier||CA||2-year public||19506|
|Fresno City College||Fresno||CA||2-year public||19351|
|California State University - Fresno||Fresno||CA||4-year public||19056|
|Saddleback College||Mission Viejo||CA||2-year public||18563|
|Stanford University||Stanford||CA||4-year private, not-for-profit||18549|
|California State Polytechnic University - Pomona||Pomona||CA||4-year public||18424|
|Los Angeles Trade Technical College||Los Angeles||CA||2-year public||18164|
|University of Phoenix - Southern California Campus||Fountain Valley||CA||4-year private, for-profit||18075|
|Southwestern College||Chula Vista||CA||2-year public||17994|
|Sierra College||Rocklin||CA||2-year public||17517|
|Los Angeles Valley College||Valley Glen||CA||2-year public||17393|
|San Joaquin Delta College||Stockton||CA||2-year public||16973|
|California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo||San Luis Obispo||CA||4-year public||16877|
|National University||La Jolla||CA||4-year private, not-for-profit||16848|
|Cosumnes River College||Sacramento||CA||2-year public||16493|
|Grossmont College||El Cajon||CA||2-year public||16309|
|Los Angeles Pierce College||Woodland Hills||CA||2-year public||16111|
|California State University - Chico||Chico||CA||4-year public||15912|
|Glendale Community College||Glendale||CA||2-year public||15596|
|Chaffey College||Rancho Cucamonga||CA||2-year public||15220|
|Los Angeles City College||Los Angeles||CA||2-year public||15174|
|California State University - San Bernardino||San Bernardino||CA||4-year public||14909|
|Bakersfield College||Bakersfield||CA||2-year public||14466|
|Foothill College||Los Altos Hills||CA||2-year public||14193|
|Santa Barbara City College||Santa Barbara||CA||2-year public||13834|
|Chabot College||Hayward||CA||2-year public||13615|
|Golden West College||Huntington Beach||CA||2-year public||13538|
|Moorpark College||Moorpark||CA||2-year public||13233|
|University of California - Riverside||Riverside||CA||4-year public||13015|
|California State University - Dominguez Hills||Carson||CA||4-year public||12848|
|Cabrillo College||Aptos||CA||2-year public||12807|
|California State University - East Bay||Hayward||CA||4-year public||12705|
|Evergreen Valley College||San Jose||CA||2-year public||12404|
|University of California - Santa Cruz||Santa Cruz||CA||4-year public||12144|
|Allan Hancock College||Santa Maria||CA||2-year public||12110|
|San Bernardino Valley College||San Bernardino||CA||2-year public||12025|
|Ventura College||Ventura||CA||2-year public||11837|
|Butte College||Oroville||CA||2-year public||11542|
|Laney College||Oakland||CA||2-year public||11531|
|Citrus College||Glendora||CA||2-year public||11486|
|San Jose City College||San Jose||CA||2-year public||11295|
|College of San Mateo||San Mateo||CA||2-year public||10756|
|West Valley College||Saratoga||CA||2-year public||10719|
|Merced College||Merced||CA||2-year public||10700|
|College of the Canyons||Santa Clarita||CA||2-year public||10528|
|Solano Community College||Fairfield||CA||2-year public||10507|
|West Los Angeles College||Culver City||CA||2-year public||10404|
|Antelope Valley College||Lancaster||CA||2-year public||10315|
|Yuba College||Marysville||CA||2-year public||10295|
|College of the Sequoias||Visalia||CA||2-year public||10251|
|Irvine Valley College||Irvine||CA||2-year public||10074|
|Santiago Canyon College||Orange||CA||2-year public||10039|
|Miracosta College||Oceanside||CA||2-year public||9863|
|Mission College||Santa Clara||CA||2-year public||9821|
|Cuesta College||San Luis Obispo||CA||2-year public||9496|
|Ohlone College||Fremont||CA||2-year public||9444|
|Monterey Peninsula College||Monterey||CA||2-year public||9421|
|Victor Valley Community College||Victorville||CA||2-year public||9221|
|Los Medanos College||Pittsburg||CA||2-year public||9212|
|Shasta College||Redding||CA||2-year public||9112|
|Reedley College||Reedley||CA||2-year public||9081|
|Mt San Jacinto College||San Jacinto||CA||2-year public||9045|
|Los Angeles Harbor College||Wilmington||CA||2-year public||8741|
|Skyline College||San Bruno||CA||2-year public||8689|
Source: Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System. https://nces.ed.gov/ipeds/1 2 3 > Last ›