The tradition of public colleges in Michigan began in 1817, twenty years before it became a state with the founding of the University of Michigan in Detroit. It was later moved to the city of Ann Arbor. Today, there are 93 Michigan colleges and universities that exist under the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of higher education. This expansive list includes 31 colleges that offer Associate's degrees, seventeen baccalaureate Michigan schools and 19 universities for completing graduate work. Eleven schools in Michigan are considered to be baccalaureate/associate's institutions. Additionally, there are eight research universities and two tribal colleges.
The Michigan Constitution grants constitutional autonomy to the state's public universities in accordance with Article VIII, Section III. This gives the universities the power to supervise and control each respective institute. It enables Michigan colleges to govern in a way that recognizes the benefits of experts to make decisions. This autonomy has existed since 1850 when it was granted to the University of Michigan. This action was taken after delegates to the constitutional convention of 1850 brought up the fact that the University of Michigan had been showing a poor enrollment and slow growth since 1837.
In the decades that followed, universities that were created continued to be given constitutional autonomy. It was felt to be the best method of governance for the institutes of higher learning. Michigan has continued to be successful in maintaining institutional autonomy while states surrounding it have organized higher education institutions into centralized bureaucratic systems or with control by state boards of education. In this regard, higher education in Michigan maintains a unique status.
Proponents of autonomy maintain that the lack of too much state level bureaucracy allows the universities in the state to operate more efficiently and expeditiously. The same proponents note that autonomy is more efficient for recruiting and keeping top university administrators.
Even with constitutional autonomy, the state legislature works with the universities directly. They help determine appropriate levels of public funding, help establish needs and merit-based scholarships and ensure accountability for appropriations.
The most popular colleges in Michigan include the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. It ranks third in all public colleges in the nation and eleventh world-wide according to Newsweek magazine. Kalamazoo College in the city of Kalamazoo ranks high in the 2013 edition of Best Colleges in National Liberal Arts Colleges. Other top colleges in the state include Calvin College in Grand Rapids, Hope College in Holland, and Michigan State University in East-Lansing.
Manufacturing has long been important to the economy of the state of Michigan. The element of manufacturing grew rapidly, and by the turn of the 20th century around 25 percent of all job-holders in the state were factory workers. The advent of the auto industry in the early 20th century transformed the state into a world-class and widely acclaimed manufacturing area. By the latter part of the century, the total value in shipments was an astounding $218 billion.
Vehicles and related equipment dominate Michigan's economy and makes up over a quarter of the manufacturing payroll in the state. Not surprisingly, the state's major industrial area is the Detroit metropolitan area. The area includes a heavy concentration of plants of vehicles and related goods in Oakland, Wayne and Macomb counties. Additionally, this area contains major steel, pharmaceutical and chemical industries among others.
Major industrial cities in Michigan are large and dynamic economically. These cities include Flint, Ann Arbor, Lansing, Grand Rapids, Savignaw and Kalamazoo.
Due to General Motors(GM), Ford and Chrysler having headquarters in Detroit, Michigan contains three of the largest industrial corporations in the United States. At the beginning of the 21st century, General Motors was the world's leading manufacturer.
Other products and services that provide employment for residents include information technology, aerospace products, food products, copper and iron ore mining, furniture and military equipment. The state is also the third leading grower of Christmas trees with over 60,520 of land dedicated to the farming of the trees. Domino's and Little Caesars Pizza chains were founded in Michigan. Headquarters for both provide many jobs for those with business degrees, humanities degrees, food science degrees and more.
Michigan ranked fourth in the nation for high-tech employment in 2002 with a total of 568,00 workers. This trend is expected to continue because of the technology that new auto designs constantly incorporate. The state consistently ranks high in research and development expenditures in the nation. This research and development expenditure includes the automotive industry. It makes up a higher percentage of the overall state gross domestic product than any other of the 50 states.
Michigan also provides a good source of engineering jobs. Additionally, in 2004, it was second in the nation for new corporate facilities and expansions.
The University of Michigan, Wayne State University and Michigan State University all house leading research centers. They make important partners for the economy in Michigan. These universities attract more than $1.5 billion in grants for research and development each year. An important research center to the state is the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory located at Michigan State University.
The well-educated and highly skilled workforce of this state is attractive to large and successful companies. The fact that it ranks third in the nation for engineering graduates will ensure that this trend continues. In 2010, Michigan was the nation's leader in new job creations.
Found 284 Post-Secondary Schools In Michigan
|Yeshiva Gedolah of Greater Detroit||Oak Park||MI||4-year private, not-for-profit||39|
|Wright Beauty Academy||Battle Creek||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||40|
|Wright Beauty Academy||Portage||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||78|
|Wolverine Farrier School||Howell||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||No Data|
|William Tyndale College||Farmington Hills||MI||4-year private, not-for-profit||625|
|William Beaumont Hospital||Royal Oak||MI||4-year private, not-for-profit||76|
|Westley Barry Flowers||West Bloomfield||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||No Data|
|Western Theological Seminary||Holland||MI||4-year private, not-for-profit||168|
|Western Michigan University||Kalamazoo||MI||4-year public||28657|
|West Shore Community College||Scottville||MI||2-year public||1273|
|West Michigan College of Barbering and Beauty||Kalamazoo||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||89|
|Wayne State University||Detroit||MI||4-year public||30408|
|Wayne Starr School of Cosmetology Inc||Davison||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||47|
|Wayne County Community College District||Detroit||MI||2-year public||9008|
|Washtenaw Community College||Ann Arbor||MI||2-year public||11089|
|Warren Woods Vocational Adult Education||Warren||MI||Less than 2-year public||No Data|
|Walsh College of Accountancy and Business Administration||Troy||MI||4-year private, not-for-profit||2978|
|Virginia Farrell Beauty School||Saint Clair Shores||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||83|
|Virginia Farrell Beauty School||Ferndale||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||129|
|Virginia Farrell Beauty School||Westland||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||94|
|Virginia Farrell Beauty School||Livonia||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||119|
|Viking School of Real Estate||Southgate||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||No Data|
|Us Truck Driving Training School||Detroit||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||No Data|
|University of Phoenix - West Michigan Campus||Grand Rapids||MI||4-year private, for-profit||No Data|
|University of Phoenix - Metro Detroit Campus||Troy||MI||4-year private, for-profit||2090|
|University of Michigan - Flint||Flint||MI||4-year public||6316|
|University of Michigan - Dearborn||Dearborn||MI||4-year public||8400|
|University of Michigan - Ann Arbor||Ann Arbor||MI||4-year public||38103|
|University of Detroit Mercy||Detroit||MI||4-year private, not-for-profit||6023|
|United Bible Institute of United Theological Sem||Flint||MI||4-year private, not-for-profit||No Data|
|U S Scuba Instructor Development Center||Rochester||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||No Data|
|U S Brokers Institute Inc||Grand Rapids||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||No Data|
|U P Academy of Hair Design||Escanaba||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||No Data|
|Twin City Beauty College||Saint Joseph||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||63|
|Tri - State Beauty College||Taylor||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||No Data|
|Travel Training Center Inc Dba Ttc - the Trng Ctr||Dearborn||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||No Data|
|Travel Education Institute - Warren||Warren||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||115|
|Travel Education Institute||Southfield||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||205|
|Thomas M Cooley Law School||Lansing||MI||4-year private, not-for-profit||1688|
|Theresa A Morse School of Real Estate||Taylor||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||No Data|
|Theological School of the Protestant Reform Church||Grandville||MI||4-year private, not-for-profit||No Data|
|The Travel Academy||West Bloomfield||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||No Data|
|The Real Estate School of Michigan Inc||Troy||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||No Data|
|The Real Estate School||Troy||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||No Data|
|The Education Institute - Amer Hotel and Motel Assoc||Lansing||MI||2-year private, not-for-profit||No Data|
|State College of Beauty||Detroit||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||No Data|
|St Marys Institute Inc School of Cosmetology||Sault Ste Marie||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||No Data|
|St Clair County Community College||Port Huron||MI||2-year public||3972|
|Ss Cyril and Methodius Seminary||Orchard Lake||MI||4-year private, not-for-profit||No Data|
|Spring Arbor University||Spring Arbor||MI||4-year private, not-for-profit||2558|
|Specs Howard School of Broadcast Arts Inc||Southfield||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||388|
|Southwestern Michigan College||Dowagiac||MI||2-year public||3047|
|Southeastern Institute of Real Estate||Southfield||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||No Data|
|Sister Lakes Academy||Dowagiac||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||No Data|
|Siena Heights University||Adrian||MI||4-year private, not-for-profit||1972|
|Sharps Academy of Hair Styling||Flushing||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||36|
|Sharps Academy of Hair Styling||Grand Blanc||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||34|
|Sharp Real Estate Training Inc - Westland||Westland||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||No Data|
|Sharp Real Estate Training Inc||Saginaw||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||No Data|
|Ser Business and Technical Institute||Detroit||MI||Less than 2-year private, not-for-profit||19|
|Schoolcraft College||Livonia||MI||2-year public||9016|
|School of Wildlife Art and Design||Tecumseh||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||No Data|
|School of Creative Hair Design||Coldwater||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||12|
|Sally Esser Beauty School - Garden City||Dearborn Heights||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||No Data|
|Saint Mary S College of Ave Maria University||Orchard Lake||MI||4-year private, not-for-profit||89|
|Saint John Hospital and Med Ctr Sch of Rad Techn||Detroit||MI||2-year private, not-for-profit||No Data|
|Saginaw Valley State University||University Center||MI||4-year public||8622|
|Saginaw Beauty Academy||Saginaw||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||No Data|
|Sacred Heart Major Seminary||Detroit||MI||4-year private, not-for-profit||377|
|S J Williams School of Religion||Detroit||MI||2-year private, not-for-profit||No Data|
|Rochester College||Rochester Hills||MI||4-year private, not-for-profit||794|
|Recording Institute of Detroit||Eastpointe||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||No Data|
|Rapid Air Inc||Grand Rapids||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||No Data|
|Ram Technical Institute Inc||Oak Park||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||No Data|
|Quality Career Skills Laboratories Inc||Detroit||MI||Less than 2-year private, not-for-profit||No Data|
|Professional Drivers Institute||New Buffalo||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||No Data|
|Private Ventures Inc||Detroit||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||No Data|
|Port Huron Hospital School of Radiologic Techn||Port Huron||MI||2-year public||No Data|
|Port Huron Cosmetology College||Waterford||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||72|
|Plymouth College of Beauty||Plymouth||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||No Data|
|Payne - Pulliam School of Trade and Commerce Inc||Detroit||MI||Less than 2-year private, not-for-profit||No Data|
|Paragon School of Pet Grooming||Jenison||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||No Data|
|Olympia Career Training Institute - Kalamazoo||Kalamazoo||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||132|
|Olympia Career Training Institute - Grand Rapids||Grand Rapids||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||279|
|Olivet College||Olivet||MI||4-year private, not-for-profit||1022|
|Oakland University||Rochester Hills||MI||4-year public||15235|
|Oakland Community College - Bloomfield Hills Campus||Bloomfield Hills||MI||2-year public||23188|
|Northwood University||Midland||MI||4-year private, not-for-profit||3835|
|Northwestern Technological Institute||Southfield||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||97|
|Northwestern Michigan College||Traverse City||MI||2-year public||3965|
|Northern Michigan University||Marquette||MI||4-year public||8427|
|Northern Air Flight Training||Grand Rapids||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||No Data|
|North Central Michigan College||Petoskey||MI||2-year public||2196|
|New Tribes Mission Inc - New Tribes Bible Institute||Jackson||MI||2-year private, not-for-profit||No Data|
|Nci Associates Ltd||Madison Heights||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||No Data|
|National Institute of Technology||Southfield||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||710|
|Muskegon Training Education Center||Muskegon||MI||Less than 2-year public||No Data|
|Muskegon Community College||Muskegon||MI||2-year public||4311|
|Multi - Training Systems||Detroit||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||No Data|
|Mr Davids School of Cosmetology Ltd||Flint||MI||Less than 2-year private, for-profit||64|
Source: Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System. https://nces.ed.gov/ipeds/1 2 3 >