Blood Bank Technology / Technician

Phlebotomy technicians are medical professionals who are trained to draw blood from patients either from a vein, a finger, or a heel stick on infants. Although that is the basic description of their job, phlebotomy technicians are often involved in a variety of tasks during their workday. In addition to the actual drawing of blood, phlebotomy technicians identify the tests to be performed as directed by a physician, practice safety procedures for both themselves and the patient, explain procedures to patients, properly label tubes of blood, and instruct patients how to care for the puncture site. Since many patients are nervous about having their blood drawn, phlebotomy technicians must have the ability to calm patients who experience anxiety while undergoing a procedure. Because they perform such an important role in the eventual diagnosis and treatment of patients, phlebotomy technicians are an essential part of a medical team.

Phlebotomy technicians often work in a variety of settings including doctors' offices, hospitals, clinics, laboratory facilities where patients have blood tests performed, and blood banks. The working hours of a phlebotomy technician can be a typical Monday through Friday schedule in a doctor's office, or if phlebotomy technicians work in a hospital, their schedule could consist of an unconventional schedule with weekend and evening hours worked. The job outlook of phlebotomy technicians is better than many other careers, since, like most careers in health care, it is expected to grow due to the expanding population and advances in diagnostic testing. Phlebotomy technicians can expect to make between 12 and 13 dollars an hour once they are employed.

Phlebotomy training is often offered at trade schools and state or community colleges. Generally, only a certificate is needed to begin working as a phlebotomy technician, but the certificate programs are stringently governed by several organizations and phlebotomy schools must be accredited in order for graduates to pass certification exams. State certification and/ or licensing is not required in most states; however, phlebotomy technicians can be nationally certified in to work in all 50 states, and national certification is often preferred when seeking employment. There are various organizations across the United States that offer certification for graduates. Although certification is not always required, all states require graduates of phlebotomy programs to complete a predetermined number of hours during school in classes and in clinical practice.

Phlebotomy Technician Certificate or Diploma Programs

State or community colleges, trade schools, and medical technology schools are the types of schools that offer phlebotomy technician programs. Although many schools only give students the ability to achieve a certificate in phlebotomy, some schools do offer a diploma in the subject. Certificate or diploma programs usually take about three months to a year to complete. Usually, the first phase of a phlebotomy technician program involves coursework. It generally consists of about six credit hours achieved over a college semester which is usually eight weeks in duration. Classes may vary by program, but students can expect to take courses such as:

  • Medical Terminology
  • Anatomy and Physiology
  • Diseases of the Human Body
  • Phlebotomy
  • CPR and First Aid

In addition to coursework, about 120 clinical hours in phlebotomy will need to be completed by a student. Clinical hours are spent working in a lab or a hospital setting and can usually be earned within a few weeks.

After satisfying all requirements in the program, students will receive a certificate or diploma, and are then eligible to take any necessary licensing exams in their individual states. They can then seek employment in:

  • Physicians' Offices
  • Hospitals
  • Labs
  • Blood Banks

Associate Degrees in Phlebotomy

Even though a certificate in phlebotomy is the minimum necessary to begin working as a phlebotomy technician, some students opt to receive an associate's degree in a related field or an associate's degree that combines phlebotomy with another specialization. One program option is an Associate of Applied Science in Medical Laboratory Technician. This degree focuses on the same curriculum a phlebotomy program does; however, there is often other training given in clinical chemistry, microbiology, and hematology. Because this is a degree program, students will need to take general education classes in English, math, and science, and like a phlebotomy certificate program, students will need to complete a specified number of core classes such as:

  • Anatomy and Physiology
  • Hematology
  • Clinical Chemistry
  • Introduction to Clinical Lab Science

In addition, students will need to complete clinical hours in a hospital or lab. Possible career options can be found for graduates with an associate's degree in medical facilities such as:

  • Hospitals
  • Physicians' Offices
  • Labs
  • Blood Banks

Featured Schools

Programs offered:

  • Phlebotomy
Locations:  Lorton

Programs offered:

We found 31 schools offering phlebotomy degree programs in the U.S.

>> See all 31 Blood Bank Technology / Technician Colleges in the U.S.

Phlebotomy Schools By Total Enrollment

1
Miami Dade College
Miami, FL  |  Total Enrollment: 46834

Degrees Offered: Less than one year, One but less than two years, Associate's
2
Albuquerque Technical Vocational Institute
Albuquerque, NM  |  Total Enrollment: 17265

Degrees Offered: Less than one year, One but less than two years, Associate's, Two but less than 4 years
3
Milwaukee Area Technical College
Milwaukee, WI  |  Total Enrollment: 14296

Degrees Offered: Less than one year, One but less than two years, Associate's
4
Saint Louis University - Main Campus
Saint Louis, MO  |  Total Enrollment: 13847

Degrees Offered: Less than one year, One but less than two years, Associate's, Two but less than 4 years, Bachelor's, Master's, Post-Masters certificate, Doctor's, First-professional degree, First-professional certificate
5
Brevard Community College
Cocoa, FL  |  Total Enrollment: 13265

Degrees Offered: Less than one year, One but less than two years, Associate's, Two but less than 4 years
6
Southwest Tennessee Community College - Union Campus
Memphis, TN  |  Total Enrollment: 12194

Degrees Offered: Less than one year, One but less than two years, Associate's
7
Des Moines Area Community College
Ankeny, IA  |  Total Enrollment: 10998

Degrees Offered: Less than one year, One but less than two years, Associate's
8
Pensacola Junior College
Pensacola, FL  |  Total Enrollment: 9985

Degrees Offered: Less than one year, One but less than two years, Associate's, Two but less than 4 years
9
Saint Louis Community College - Forest Park
Saint Louis, MO  |  Total Enrollment: 6749

Degrees Offered: Less than one year, One but less than two years, Associate's
10
Roane State Community College
Harriman, TN  |  Total Enrollment: 5099

Degrees Offered: Less than one year, One but less than two years, Associate's

Browse All 31 Colleges With Phlebotomy Programs


Title City State Enrollment
Albuquerque Technical Vocational Institute Albuquerque NM 17265
Baker College of Flint Flint MI 3896
Baker College of Jackson Jackson MI 1027
Baker College of Muskegon Muskegon MI 2727
Baker College of Owosso Owosso MI 1905
Bossier Parish Community College Bossier City LA 4332
Brevard Community College Cocoa FL 13265
Capps College Mobile AL 586
Delta Career Institute Beaumont TX 72
Des Moines Area Community College Ankeny IA 10998
Huntington Institute Incorporated Norwich CT 95
Lake City Community College Lake City FL 2143
Louisiana Technical College - Alexandria Campus Alexandria LA 300
Louisiana Technical College - North Central Campus Farmerville LA 196
Medvance Institute - Houston Houston TX 85
Miami Dade College Miami FL 46834
Mid - State Technical College Wisconsin Rapids WI 2584
Milwaukee Area Technical College Milwaukee WI 14296
Pensacola Junior College Pensacola FL 9985
Presentation College Aberdeen SD 468
Roane State Community College Harriman TN 5099
Saint Louis Community College - Forest Park Saint Louis MO 6749
Saint Louis University - Main Campus Saint Louis MO 13847
Southwest Tennessee Community College - Union Campus Memphis TN 12194
Southwestern College Florence KY 37
Southwestern College Cincinnati OH 16
Southwestern College of Business Cincinnati OH 16
St Louis College of Health Careers Saint Louis MO 443
Suwannee - Hamilton Technical Center Live Oak FL 88
Technical Career Institute Miami FL 309
The University of Texas Southwest Med Ctr - Dallas Dallas TX 1505